say goodbye to ALAIN ROBBE-GRILLET
ALAIN ROBBE -GRILET ผู้กำกับและนักเขียนคนสำคัญของฝรั่งเศส หนึ่งในหัวหอกกลุ่ม NEAVAEU ROMAN และ นักทำหนังทดลองบิดระนาบเรื่องเล่า คนเขียนบท LAST YEAR AT MARIENBAD ของแอลงเรอเน่ส์ เสียชีวิตแล้วครับ ด้วยวัย 85 ปี จากกโรคหัวใจ
French ‘new novelist’ Alain Robbe-Grillet rejected conventions, dies at 85
9 hours ago
PARIS – Alain Robbe-Grillet, an avant-garde author and filmmaker who dispensed with conventional storytelling as a pioneer of the postwar “new novel” movement in France, died early Monday, hospital officials said. He was 85.
Robbe-Grillet died at Caen University Hospital in western France, where he had been admitted over the weekend for cardiac problems, the officials said.
He was among the most prominent of France’s “new novelists” who emerged in the 1950s and included Nobel Prize laureate Claude Simon, Michel Butor and Nathalie Sarraute. The group’s experimental works tossed aside traditional literary conventions like plot and character development, narrative and chronology, chapters and punctuation.
The “new novelists” in France linked up with other traditions, with patterns from poetry and the visual arts and with forerunners such as Faulkner and Proust. Their prose works had the appearance of linguistic montages or collages. They took place in the dimensions of memory and apparently arbitrary or free association.
A trained agronomist, Robbe-Grillet in the 1940s “suddenly” felt drawn to writing, he explained years later. He wanted to tell a story “beyond the norm, in which the hero struggles within unhinged space and time.”
Robbe-Grillet’s best-known works of fiction included “Les Gommes” (The Erasers) in 1953, a novel about a detective investigating an apparent murder who ends up killing the victim – and seen as the debut of the “new novel.” Two years later, he won France’s Critics Prize with “Le Voyeur” (The Voyeur), about the world seen through the eyes of a sadistic killer.
He was catapulted to star status among Parisian Left Bank intellectuals in 1963 with “Pour Un Nouveau Roman,” (Toward a New Novel), a highly acclaimed critical essay laying the theoretical foundations of the “new novel” that became the French avant-garde’s bible.
Robbe-Grillet also wrote screenplays for films like Alain Resnais’ “Last Year at Marienbad” (1961). Among a dozen films that Robbe-Grillet directed, two in the mid-1970s plumbed sado-erotic fantasies: “Glissements progressifs du plaisir” (Successive Slidings of Pleasure) and “Jeu avec le feu” (Playing with Fire).
Robbe-Grillet was inducted into France’s Legion of Honour and in 2004 became one of the 40 so-called “immortals” of the elite Academie Francaise – the anointed protector of the French language.
President Nicolas Sarkozy’s office said the Academie Francaise had lost “without a doubt its most rebellious” member, and “an entire section of French intellectual and literary history has disappeared” with Robbe-Grillet’s passing.
“Sometimes, Robbe-Grillet drew reproach for being ‘the theoretician of himself,’ but that’s precisely where his greatest strength lay: he was as good an intellectual as he was a great writer; equally at ease in the expression of his most intimate fantasies as in the lucid and dispassionate analysis of concepts.”
Robbe-Grillet was born in the western town of Brest, the son of an engineer. He graduated from the prestigious Lycee Saint-Louis in Paris and received a degree in agricultural engineering from the National Agronomy Institute.
Read by high school and college students the world over, Robbe-Grillet enjoyed an international reputation based on the success of his early works. For nearly a quarter-century, he taught French at New York University.